Out of the many countries where people practice online dating, the countries being known for peculiar and outrageous dating traditions, yet. online dating is fundamentally different from conventional offline dating and (b) . politics to culture, is now touched by the Internet in some way. With respect to .. teristics like age, height, weight, religion, personality traits, and hobbies, and. This article will discuss several dating apps using theories regarding globalization. Online Dating app digital culture online love .. identity you want to show in online dating, such as your cultural values, your religion or your special passion.
Finding Love: online in different cultures and religions
Online dating in different cultures and beliefs - IN THIS PROGRAM
The more people are socially active in the offline world, the more they also communicate online. They use the Internet as just another venue to find a partner. Researchers indicate 3 growth-driving factors for online dating: Long and irregular working hours, increasing mobility moving for work , and dissolution of traditional modes of socialization result in a need for new or extended social networks; people use chat rooms and professional dating services on the Internet to find a partner.
Romance seekers turn away from traditional and often expensive strategies of meeting people casually in bars and restaurants. Instead, they choose less spontaneous, but practical and inexpensive online services helping them to find a soul mate from the comfort of their desk.
Online dating can occur without help from friends. Dating websites can be accessed independently and constantly, whereas going out with friends seven days a week is far more difficult to realize.
Reduced visual and auditory cues of CMC facilitate self-disclosure, especially in online dating. Online dating participants often anticipate future interaction, which increases the depth of communication and may thereby encourage a relationship formation. According to Alan D. Smith, users are aware of how online dating works: Information about individuals will be collected and shared, and this information will be compared against information provided by others.
Finally, the online dating website provides a list of other users with similar traits. These matches are based on elaborate data collection, statistics and data mining techniques. Users can accept or reject these suggested matches. Freedom of choice and numerous options offer great chances, but also, in some respect, a necessity to having to select the right one. Differentiation depends on the point of view: Regarding technology, two broad categories of online dating site are identified: These websites are rather for flirting, dating, or short-term relationships than long-time relationships.
Based on self-selected search criteria, members browse actively the database searching for a date or flirt. These online dating websites use a range of personality tests and psychological assessments that have to be filled out by the member. Subsequently, they build lists of traits that individuals seek in an ideal partner and match subscribers based on these traits, e.
Science-based dating servicessuch as Scientific Match. After years of trying to match every customer with his or her prospective mate, the dating industry now develops a more specialized market segmentation strategy. Today, the potential customer looking for a date or the love of his life is spoilt for choice: Besides there are various online dating websites providing niches, such as sadomasochism, single parents, bisexual couples, etc.
As mentioned in chapter 1. Like advertising consumer products, users of online dating services promote themselves by emphasizing their positive qualities, such as appearance, social status, and wealth, for being selected. Depending on the cultural background of the online dating website, the self-promoting profiles differ in their contents.
Throughout the large number of sources that this research refers to, many cross-references were discovered: Authors referred their surveys to prior works of other scientists that were also viewed within this thesis. Besides, expert interviews were conducted to receive better insights into certain fields of the initial research, such as online dating worldwide interview with Mr.
Wiechers and the German online dating market interview with Mr. Studying the Japanese online dating market had its own special problems given by the total absence of English-language on Japanese dating websites. Nevertheless, investigated sources indicated that Japanese dating culture is by far too interesting for being ignored.
Thanks to the support of Mrs. Hada, the Japanese websiteonet. She already lived in Japan and will move back there by the end of Mrs Hada from Japan lives in Germany since January Not knowing one another, each of them independently translated the Japanese dating website and showed identical results. Due to their opposite cultural backgrounds and experiences, the author enlisted both of them as sources to ensure that the translation was representative for the culture and not biased by individual interpretation.
Profiles of both genders were created on each of the following websites: As shown in appendix, figure A. The inflation rate is 1. English is the official language. The most popular religions are Protestant In , more than million Americans used the Internet.
They value logic and linear thinking62 and the ability to exactly specify important information. In the USA, there are two prevailing ideologies: Marriage is a civil institution, which is traditionally performed in a church. Generally, a nuclear family in the U. Americans often consider blood relatives as more important than relatives through marriage; therefore, nuclear family ties are generally closer than among extended kin ship.
However, trends of alternative family types are on the rise. A significant number of Americans of all ethnic origins live in non-traditional families, such as unmarried couples or single parents, gay couples and their children, or gay families without children.
Later, the romantic love became essential in reasoning marriage, and today, Americans glorify romance, love and passion: Traditionally, finding a partner often relied on social networks family, friends, colleagues play matchmaker , going to bars, attending social events. By reasons of increasing individual mobility e. As individuals face new challenges in life, which make traditional dating methods less practical, they may become more reliant on intermediaries to facilitate union formation.
It is assumed that traditional dating strategies for single people in this age do not work anymore as they are often divorced and have to combine children with a busy career. Most of them reported good experiences with the sites: Neil Clark Warren, who was practising 35 years as a clinical psychologist and marriage counsellor. In collaboration with Dr. Today, the company operates online matchmaking services in the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia and Brazil, and in 11 European countries, where they have an affiliation witheDarling.
Furthermore, they runeHarmony Labs, a relationship research facility andeHarmony Advice, a relationship advice website. TodayeHarmonycounts more than employees and 33 million registered users from USA and countries in the world.
According to their website, every day people, who were matched oneHarmony,marry in the U. Researching religious preferences, and aligning with other Christian web sites madeeHarmony becoming associated with more traditional Christian outlets. We would rather give you no matches than bad matches. Only registered users can browse the member database. Several times a day,eHarmonycommunicates with connectedFacebookusers by posting survey statements or questions related to relationship and marriage values, success stories about happy marriages.
As the community of people, who like this page, is large, a lot of them like or comment these wall posts. Compared to other online profiles within this thesis, this is the most comprehensive profile with 28 selection fields, 3 input fields, and 6 open questions.
Additionally, items statements, attributes etc. In the following, only culturally relevant profile details are presented. The entire profile ofeharmony. Registration82 starts with usual information, such as firstname, gender, looking for, ZIP code, country, email, passwordandhow did you hear about us. When selecting the same sex in partner search looking for ,eHarmony recommends a link tocompatiblepartners.
It is not possible to log in toeharmony. The next part continues withgeneral information. I do things according to a plan. I waste my time. I love order and regularity. I feel unable to deal with things. I get angry easily. I am easily discouraged. I often make others feel good. I love to help others. I usually wait for others to lead the way. I often carry the conversation to a higher level. I catch on to things quickly. I am good at analysing problems.
Obviously, these statements relate to the following subjects: Interestingly, if one always selects same answers,eHarmony displays a notification asking the user to review his selection; otherwise it would have a negative impact on their ability to match.
Certain groups of related attribute become apparent: My personal religious beliefs are important to me. I like to look at people of the opposite sex. I have an ability to make others laugh. My emotions are generally stable. If I am not in control of a situation, it is better if I leave. I greatly appreciate the physical beauty of the opposite sex. I think it is important to continually try to improve myself.
I care a lot about the physical shape I am in. People who are controlling irritate me. I think it is important to express my feelings whether they are positive or negative. In the short 6th section, the member indicates his or her emotions happiness or fear during the last months The following statements in section 7 concern relationship orientation and values, which are strongly influenced by Christian values, such as monogamy, fidelity, friendship and trust.
People often let you down if you depend on them. I sometimes find it difficult to trust people I get romantically involved with. Being monogamous causes relationships to get boring over time.
I am looking for a long-term relationship that will ultimately lead to marriage. When I get romantically involved, I generally tell my partner just about everything. I know I can always count on the people who are closest to me. Being monogamous helps build intimacy and trust in a romantic relationship. The next section includesimportant qualitiesof the ideal partner.
These traits are primarily related to passion, sharing interests, happiness, psychological intimacy, social skills and education and physical appearance. It is more or less about everyday life driving too fast, reading side-effects in medication description, housekeeping etc.
Afterwards one has to rate 24 interests and hobbies music, travelling, religious communities, religious faith, volunteering, astrology, family, friends, and sports. Noticeably, the list of hobbies also includeshunting,which might appear strange for other societies.
But as the gun law is less restrictive in the U. I try to understand the other person. I try to be respectful of all opinions different from my own. I try to resolve the conflict quickly.
I try to avoid disagreement. I try to drop in issue once it is resolved. I try to resolve the conflict well. What is the most important quality that you are looking for inanother person? Other than you appearance, what is the first thing that people noticeabout you?
Only a premium member can talk on the phone safely and secure, gets his or her ID verified and receives a deeper analysis of his or her personality. Additionally,eHarmonyprovides a free App forAndroidandiPhone. There are 3 models of subscription. These motivations are strongly related to the age and gender of the user.
Tinder should not be seen as merely a fun, hookup app without any strings attached, but as a multifunctional tool that satisfies various needs among emerging adults. The League After the rise in popularity of applications like Tinder and Badoo, an immense number of dating apps arose, all trying to be unique by focusing on one specific group of people.
It is a popular example as well since in the application already had a waiting list of People are not able to simply install the app and start using it, one has to apply and fill in a questionnaire after which they are placed on a waiting list.
People on this list will go through a strict selection procedure and based on its outcome someone will be granted access to the app, or stay on the waiting list.
What is known, is that the app-creators not only use your Facebook account for information, but also your LinkedIn page. With this strategy The League positions itself as a dating app for business people. This positioning becomes clear in many different ways: The lay-out of the app is very straightforward and business-like, almost like LinkedIn. Users have happy hour: Demographic research among its users has also shown that the majority of the users work in Business or IT. With this strategy the League seems to create a micro-hegemony , people want to be seen as succesfull businessmen or -women so they want to have The League dating app as a confirmation.
Dating app Luxy for instance is aimed specifically at millionaires. Users are only allowed if they have a specific income. It is an Indonesian dating app very obviously aimed at a specific segment of the population. It was launched in April because the creators wanted to provide an online platform where people could be honest about their polygamy and where men and women who consent to polygamous marriages could find each other in a transparant and safe environment.
It was taken offline not long after its launch and relaunched in October with some adjustments. Now all men who want to register: To be able to understand why there would be a need to create such an app, one should first know the history of polygamy in Indonesia.
Polygamy is legal, but very much taboo. The majority of the Indonesian population is Muslim, and some forms of Islam allow polygamous marriages, therefore it is a law in Indonesia that men can marry up to four wives, as long as they can financially provide for them and the first wife consents to this arrangement. However, the law has not gone unchallenged. In the past 20 years there have been many protests organised by women to convince the government to change this law, but up to now it has stayed intact.
AyoPoligami wants to make it easier for people who support polygamous marriage to look for partners. The dating app makes sure the law is adhered to by asking men for consent of their first wife and have extensive ways to verify every account. AyoPoligami is not the only polygamous app however. A similar dating app has been launched in Gaza this year, which matches widows to men seeking a second or third wife.
TrulyMadly TrulyMadly , finally, is a dating app created in India. In its usage it resembles Tinder the most, compared to the dating apps previously discussed.
The biggest difference between the two dating apps is probably noticeable in their marketing strategies. To understand this hesitance and to comprehend how people in India view and deal dating apps, it is important to understand the historical and cultural context.
For many generations, arranged marriages were the only commonly accepted ways of matchmaking in India. Parents of single men and women used matrimonial websites such as shaadi. That is why TrulyMadly is aimed mostly at singles between the ages of 18 and 25, when the desire to make choices independently from parents is likely to be strongest.